Autism is also known as autistic spectrum disorder and autism spectrum disorder. One form of autism is known as Asperger’s syndrome but this term is falling out of use. People with autism can be mildly or severely affected by the disorder and this can be referred to as high-functioning or low-functioning autism. Many autistic people and advocates reject functioning labels.

Autism pioneer Temple Grandin has proposed that there are 3 different types of autistics:

  • Visual thinkers
  • Verbal/logic thinkers
  • Musical/mathematical thinkers

Main characteristics of autistics:

  • Sensitive
  • Organised/logical
  • Factual
  • Difficulty understanding neurotypicals
  • Communication difficulties
  • Clear
  • Rigid
  • Hyper-empathetic
  • Non-judgemental
  • Difficulty changing focus
  • Routine-driven